An approach to the transformation of society that rejects violence in favor of methods that powerfully educate and persuade without the deliberate infliction of harm or damage. As practiced by Gandhi, nonviolence includes the avoidance not just of physical violence, but also psychological violence, such as inducing fear, and involves maintaining respect and concern for the oppressor as well as the oppressed. One common misunderstanding is that those practicing nonviolence are passive and avoid confrontation. In fact, the goal is often to create a confrontation, not for the purpose of damaging or dominating those oppressing others, but for the purpose of bringing out the true nature of the injustice. The practice of nonviolence requires strict adherence to principle, self-discipline, humility, and courage.
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